In September 2013, sixty years have elapsed since the beginning of education of the chemistry and technology of explosives at the present Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice and the Institute of Energetic Materials (IEM). Since the constitution of the workplace of this Institute, 367 students have completed their M.Sc.-level studies, not only from the Czech Republic and Slovakia, but also from Afghanistan, Egypt, Yugoslavia, Hungary and – at present – also from China. In the framework of the Ph.D. study, 75 dissertation theses have been defended.
Studies in approximately the same extent as those at IEM can be undertaken in Europe at the Military University of Technology in Warsaw with the Chemical Faculty of Politechnika Warszawska, Mendeleev Chemical-Technological in cooperation with the University in Moscow, the Kazan State Technological University in Kazan, and the Sankt-Petersburg State Technological Institute in Sankt Petersburg and several other universities in Russia; partly also at the Cranfield University, Defense Academy of the United Kingdom in Shrivenham in England, and the University of Coimbra (Lab. of Energetics and Detonics) in Portugal.
At present, IEM organizes a part of education at BSc level at the Faculty of Chemical Technology as well as the education at the Mgr (Ing.) level, PhD level and license studies. In the academic year 2012/2013, altogether 31 students are attending the above-mentioned forms of studies (one of them is a Chinese citizen). Further 190 students of the Faculty attend the education of Safety Engineering in the B.Sc. and Mgr levels.
The study branch "Theory and Technology of Explosives” is multidisciplinary. It has two sections: “Technology of Explosives” (28-42-8/01) and “Safety Engineering” (28-42-8/02), and it includes the following areas:
chemical-technological, involving the chemistry and technology of individual explosive substances (generally, energetic materials) and special analytic chemistry of explosives – predominantly, this is special chemistry and technology of nitrogen compounds,
explosive-technological, involving the technology of military and industrial explosives, technology of propellants, high explosives and initiators, technology of pyrotechnical products, but also the technology and processing or disposal of demilitarized military explosives; this area has characteristic features of technology of composite materials,
the physics of explosion, consisting of the theory of explosion, theory of explosion effects, technology and safety of blasting jobs and basic information about construction of ammunition and fire arms,
safety engineering, dealing with solution of risk analysis and safety of chemical technologies (technique of risk evaluation, basic concepts of risk analysis and consequences of industrial accidents); the education in this area is realized at both the B.Sc. and Mgr levels.
Successful completion of Mgr studies in the study branch “Theory and Technology of Explosives” needs good knowledge in chemistry, particularly organic and physical chemistry, physics, mathematics, chemical informatics and English language, also welcomed is the knowledge in chemical engineering, macromolecular chemistry, processing of polymers, technology of composite materials and Russian language. The entrance requirements for M.Sc. study at IEM are a successful completing of B.Sc. studies (B.Sc. state examination) at the Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT) Prague, Chemical Faculty of Technical University (VUT) Brno, FCHPT STU Bratislava, and faculties oriented towards chemistry, chemical engineering, physics or chemical physics of any European university.
The graduates from Mgr studies at IEM are engineers specialized in explosives, who are able to independently solve and/or control problems and processes in research, development, manufacturing and processing of energetic materials, who can find fulfillment also in related branches, such as blasting jobs, military and related technologies, police, safety engineering, state administration (Mining authorities etc.), and at present also NATO organs. Increased demand for graduates from IEM comes particularly from the side of mining administration, companies Austin Detonator, joint stock company, and Indet Safety Systems, joint stock company, both from Vsetín.
Into the Ph.D. studies, whose intramural form lasts four years, are accepted graduates from universities of natural-science and technological orientation. Study plans are compiled individually, primarily according to the applicant’s orientation or according to his/her employer’s wishes. After completing this study, the graduate obtains the academic degree of “doctor”, abbreviated as Ph.D., which is written after his/her name. The Ph.D. study in English language is virtually free for citizens of other countries.
The four-term license study (retraining and further increasing of qualification of specialists from technological practice) at IEM proceeds on the basis of Agreement about the payment for the study, which is concluded between IEM and the applicants or their employers. The price of this study for Czech or Slovak citizens is CZ crowns 60 000. So far this type of studies has been completed by more than 400 students (also from Egypt). There are two types of this study:
“Theory and Technology of Explosives”, after completing of which the graduate attains the professional ability for realization, checking and control activities in the area of research, development, manufacturing, processing, testing, storage, transport and sale of energetic materials. These studies provide basic information from the theory, chemistry and technology of energetic materials, from the area of protection of various objects against explosions of gases, vapors or dispersions of combustible dust, about the problems of testing and special analysis of explosives, basic information about ballistics, construction of fire arms and ammunition.
“Disconnection of rocks by explosion”, which is implemented in cooperation with Czech Mining Office, and which is acknowledged as supplementary study to the requirements for qualification and professional ability of the applicants for the exam of “technical manager of blasting jobs”. The lectures are focused on the theory of explosives, effects of explosions upon the environment, means of blasting technique, technology of drilling, safety of work and legal aspects of conducting blasting jobs, technology of blasting jobs on the surface, underground destructions, blasting technique in surface and underground coal mining.
Very important are the scientific-technological activities of IEM, which are performed in close connection with the needs of government organs, industry and/or Czech Army. In the area of cooperation of IEM with foreign subjects, there are contacts with the Slovak Army, Slovak police, the Centre of Excellency of the EOD NATO in Trenčín and Imperial College London. Developing cooperation exists with the scientific-pedagogical workplaces dealing with energetic materials, particularly in Belgium, Poland, Singapore, China, and workplaces dealing with energetic materials in Croatia. Undergraduate students and fresh graduates from Ph.D. studies at IEM were on long-term scientific visits to the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore and study staying, for example, in Cavendish Laboratory, in Imperial College London, in Universidade de Coimbra, etc.
Every year in April, IEM organizes international seminars “New Trends in Research of Energetic Materials”, which are attended by young scientific-research workers, university teachers and specialists from 23-27 countries (www.ntrem.com).
After 1995, the interest in studies, particularly Ph.D. studies, at IEM exceeds the space equipment of the Institute. In this difficult situation, IEM is supported by cooperating organizations, such as Explosia Pardubice, Austin Detonator Vsetín, Forensic and expert institute of Slovak police in Bratislava, University of Defence in Brno, University of Military Technology in Warsaw, and OZM Research in Hrochův Týnec. Special help also came from Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic, namely in connection with building of special laboratories for implementation of education and scientific-research activity in the field of physics of explosion.
IEM is the main solver of two large projects of the Czech Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MŠMT) and Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic (MV ČR), and co-solver of three projects of TA ČR, two projects of the Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade (MPO ČR) and one project of the Czech Grant Agency (GA ČR). IEM also took part in solving EU projects (projects Leonardo da Vinci of Copenhagen and Maastricht priorities) in the field of increasing level and unification of education of persons working in research, manufacturing and application of explosives. At present, IEM participates, in cooperation with Royal Military Academy in Brussels and five other foreign partners, in preparation of European and NATO projects.
The workplaces of IEM are located in Technological Pavilion of Faculty of Chemical Technology in Doubravice village near Pardubice. From the main railway station Pardubice, it is possible to get there by trolleybus No. 3 (the bus stop “Semtín-zastávka” on the descending section of the railway flyover behind the supermarket Globus).